Narwana, a city steeped in history, boasts captivating myths and legends surrounding its name. One narrative traces it back to the serene Narwana Jheel, often referred to as Nirvana Jheel, adjacent to the sacred Baba Gabi Sahib Temple. Another story suggests that Narwana’s name evolved from ‘Morwana,’ owing to the substantial presence of Jat sub-clans with the ‘Mor’ surname.
Before the partition of India in 1947, Narwana was home to a diverse population, including Arain, Lohar, Rajput, and Julaha communities, constituting about 25% of the city’s inhabitants. These communities subsequently migrated to Pakistan, primarily settling in places like Bahawalnagar and Minchinabad.
These intriguing historical narratives are integral to Narwana’s cultural heritage, providing a window into the world of our forebears.
This City is situated at coordinates 29.616667°N and 76.116667°E, with an altitude of 213.0 meters (702 feet).
Narwana experiences a semi-arid subtropical climate characterized by scorching, extended summers from April to mid-October. Monsoon season arrives in June, offering respite from the heat but increasing humidity. Mild, short winters with occasional fog or frost last from November to January, with temperatures ranging from -0.6°C to 46.7°C. Narwana’s climate exhibits distinctive seasonal variations typical of semi-arid regions.
This City hosts a plethora of schools affiliated with state and central boards, including the CBSE (Central Board for Secondary Education). The city’s educational landscape comprises diverse institutions catering to a range of educational boards and styles. Notable educational institutions include:
K.M. Govt. College
Industrial Training Institute (ITI)
Rajiv Gandhi College
S.D. Kanya Manavidyalaya Narwan
According to the 2011 Census of India, Narwana’s population was 62,090, consisting of 38,073 males and 34,017 females. The city boasts a literacy rate of 77.22%, surpassing the national average of 74.04%. The Hindu Jat community, comprising subgroups like Shyokand, Goyat, Mor, Nain, and Dhillo, constitutes the largest demographic in Narwana.
Narwana enjoys excellent connectivity via road and rail networks, linking it to cities like Jind and Tohana. The city is crisscrossed by significant national highways, including NH 52, NH 152, and NH 352. Haryana Roadways buses provide transportation to various destinations, with varying frequencies.
Religious Sites of narwana
Narwana is home to several religious sites, with the revered Baba Gabi Saab Temple at the forefront. Sundays witness a congregation of devout villagers at the temple. Other notable temples include Bhagwan Parshuram Temple, Hanuman Temple, Navagraha Temple, Vishwakarma Temple, and the Old Shiv Temple. These sites hold immense spiritual and cultural significance, offering solace and prosperity to visitors.
Narwana’s water distribution is efficiently managed by the Water Board, while the electricity supply falls under the purview of DHBVN (Dakshin Haryana Bijli Nigam). Telecommunication services, including BSNL, Jio, Vodafone Essar, Airtel, Idea, Reliance, and Tata, cater to the city’s mobile and landline needs.
Points of Interest:
Narwana boasts a range of attractions, including the renowned “Nehru Park” with indoor handball courts and a world-class athletics track. The park also features an FIH-approved hockey astroturf. “Chhotu Ram Park” is famous for its archaeological excavations, attracting historians and enthusiasts.
The city houses a public hospital with 100 beds, complemented by private healthcare facilities. Medical dispensaries, including the prominent Bhagwati Medical Center, dispense medications and healthcare services.
Junction (NRW) is a major station on the Broad Gauge line connecting India’s capital with Bhatinda. It serves as an interchange station on the Kurukshetra branch line, facilitating the passage of important trains, such as:
CSMT (Mumbai) – Firozpur Cantt Punjab Mail SF Express
Jabalpur – Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra Durgavati Express
Shri Ganga Nagar – Delhi Intercity Express
And many more.
The station provides essential rail connectivity, with frequent trains connecting Narwana to neighboring districts.
Narwana has a rich sporting culture, with a strong focus on handball, football, kabaddi, badminton, and cricket. The Navdeep Stadium, dedicated to the memory of athletes Navin and Deepak, offers facilities for various sports, including football, hockey, wrestling, tennis, and badminton. The stadium can accommodate approximately 15,000 spectators.
मंजीत चहल को एशियन गेम्स में 800 मीटर में पहली रैंक मिली थी।
Photo Credit : scroll.in (Manjit Chahal Narwana)
politics of narwana
In the realm of politics, Narwana has been witness to the rise and fall of influential figures, consistently shaping the political landscape in the region. Before becoming the renowned wrestling capital it is today, Narwana was a battleground for prominent leaders, and the local electorate eagerly followed the unfolding political drama.
In the 1962 elections, the Narwana constituency in Sirsa district had long been a stronghold for the Surjewala family. During this time, Om Prakash Chautala also left a significant mark on the region, winning twice and losing twice. In 1962, Narwana was a reserved legislative assembly constituency, and Fakira Ji from the Swatantra Party emerged victorious against the Congress candidate.
Between 1968 and 2005, Narwana witnessed 11 by-elections, with the Surjewala family participating in all but one. In these elections, Chaudhary Samsar Singh Surjewala and his son, Ramji Surjewala, claimed victory in six, leaving an indelible mark on Haryana’s political landscape.
1962 – Fakira (Swatantra Party) defeated the Congress candidate.
1963 – Shamsher Singh Surjewala (Republican Party of India) triumphed over Kaliram Mor (Congress).
1968 – Chaudhary Nekiram Dumarkha (Congress) defeated Shamsher Singh Surjewala (Independent).
1972 – Shamsher Singh Surjewala joined Congress but did not contest.
1972 – Lala Gauri Shankar (Organizational Congress) outperformed Tek Chand Nain (Bharatiya Arya Samaj).
1977 – Shamsher Singh Surjewala (Congress) defeated Tek Chand Nain (Independent).
1982 – Shamsher Singh Surjewala (Congress) overcame Tek Chand Nain (Lok Dal). 1987 – Tek Chand Nain (Lok Dal) bested Shamsher Singh Surjewala (Congress). 1991 – Shamsher Singh Surjewala (Congress) defeated Lala Gauri Shankar (Organizational Congress).
1992 – Shamsher Singh Surjewala (Congress) was elected to the Rajya Sabha, leading to a by-election in Narwana.
1993 – Om Prakash Chautala (INLD) emerged victorious over Randeep Surjewala (Congress).
1996 – Randeep Surjewala (Congress) outperformed Om Prakash Chautala (INLD). 2000 – Om Prakash Chautala (INLD) defeated Randeep Surjewala (Congress).
2005 – Randeep Surjewala (Congress) overcame Om Prakash Chautala (INLD).
2009 – Narwana was once again a reserved constituency, concluding the electoral battle between Chautala Sahab and Randeep Surjewala Ji. Randeep Surjewala (Congress) shifted to Kaithal, while his uncle, Chaudhary Shamsher Singh Ji, secured five victories over two decades.
2009 – Pirath Singh Numberdar (INLD) emerged victorious over Ramphal Lohat (Congress).
2014 – Pirath Singh Numberdar (INLD) defeated Santosh Rani (BJP).
2019 – Ram Niwas Surjakheda (Jananayak Janata Party) bested Santosh Rani (BJP).
2024… The upcoming elections are on the horizon, promising another chapter in the political history of Narwana.
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